El Grito heard round the World

Mexico Honors "The Father of the Nation" during bicentennial celebrations. Every year during Mexico`s famous Independence Day celebrations on Sept. 15 and 16, the country honors the memory of  "the father of the nation," Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, by recreating his famous "Grito de Dolores." On Sept. 15, Hidalgo`s famous call for independence reverberates throughout the country as millions of Mexicans remember the man behind the Mexican War of Independence. From a priest in Dolores, to a revolutionary hero known throughout all of Mexico, Hidalgo`s contribution to Mexico`s independence is a remarkable point in the country`s fascinating history.
Today, Hidalgo is affectionately known as the "father of the nation" for spearheading the Mexican War of Independence.
Every year, on the night of September 15, the president of Mexico addresses the Mexican people assembled in Mexico City`s Zocalo (main square), one of the largest in the world. Standing on the central balcony of Mexico City`s National Palace, the president proudly waves the Mexican flag and rings the historic liberty bell that Hidalgo once rang. This is followed by the "Grito" (Viva Hidalgo! Viva Mexico! Viva la Independencia!).
Crowds of hundreds of thousands echo back the call. Simultaneously, governors and mayors perform the "Grito" from their local government balconies. Those not able to join their fellow compatriots at the local main squares avidly watch the national "Grito" on television and repeat the chant in their living rooms. After the last Viva México is proclaimed, the national anthem is sung.

Shortly after, fireworks explode in the air and celebrations begin. In recent years, Mexico City`s Zocalo has hosted numerous bands and famous musicians on a large stage set in front of the Cathedral. Confetti abounds and the dancing begins. The following day is an official holiday in Mexico and includes a military parade and plenty of political fanfare.
Mexicans show their green-white-red pride with elaborate decorations on their homes and place flags in their windows and cars. During this time, families come together and enjoy some tasty Independence Day treats such as the infamous Chiles en Nogada. Inspired by the Mexican flag, the dish contains a green poblano chili, covered in creamy white walnut sauce and sprinkled with bright red pomegranate seeds.

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Credits/Content: Reuters